Ulcerative colitis medications and treatments
Managing ulcerative colitis
While there is currently no cure for ulcerative colitis (UC), medications are available to help reduce the inflammation and relieve symptoms, allowing the colon to heal. Before starting any new treatment, it is important to discuss with your doctor if that treatment is right for you.
Medications used in UC include
- Aminosalicylates (5-ASAs): This class of antiinflammatory drugs is typically used to treat mild to moderate ulcerative colitis symptoms and help prevent relapses. They include sulfasalazine and oral formulations of mesalamine
- Corticosteroids: Also known as steroids, drugs such as prednisone, methylprednisolone, budesonide, and hydrocortisone also reduce inflammation and are used to treat UC. Corticosteroids suppress the immune system
- Immune modifiers: Immune modifiers are sometimes called immunomodulators. They lessen the inflammatory response caused by UC by working on the body's immune system
- Biologic therapies: Biologic therapies are the newest class of drugs used for people with moderate to severe ulcerative colitis. These drugs are made from antibodies that bind with certain molecules to block a particular action. Biologic drugs are administered by injection or infusion